Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in East-Africa that lies on the equator. The country is named after Mount Kenya and its capital is Nairobi, which is also the largest city of the country.

More than half a million tourists annually visit Kenya. They come for the Palm beaches, the beautiful wildlife parks, the luxurious lodges, tented camps for the adventurous, the backpack-safaris, for the photogenic Massai. They come in short for "Out of Africa"-feeling. The eye of most tourists will not go far beyond the tourist paradise, an area to the South West and South East of Nairobi. In the bustling Nairobi they see art and trinkets shops on Kenyatta Avenue, Muindi Mbingu Street and the covered market of the terraces of the nostalgic Norfolk hotel. The Kenyanen with whom they come into contact are the drivers of the safari vans and the staff of the hotels. The tourists who go to the North to Mount Kenya from Nairobi to climb can the densely populated areas of coffee and tea in the distance. Usually one hurtling along. For most foreign visitors is Kenya a rich country with friendly, open people: an image that only marred by what beggars, rascals (parking boys) and camera thieves.

(translated from: Kenya Mensen Politiek Economie Cultuur; Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen NOVIB NCOS)




Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Uganda and Tanzania
Area: total: 580,367 sq km
land: 569,140 sq km
water: 11,227 sq km
Climate: varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Kenya 5,199 m
Natural resources: limestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife, hydropower


Ethnic groups: Kikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%
Languages: English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages
Religions: Protestant 45%, Roman Catholic 33%, Muslim 10%, indigenous beliefs 10%, other 2%
note: a large majority of Kenyans are Christian, but estimates for the percentage of the population that adheres to Islam or indigenous beliefs vary widely
Population: 43,013,341 (July 2012 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 42.5% (male 9,176,000/ female 9,120,710)
15-64 years: 54.8% (male 11,765,106/ female 11,787,917)
65 years and over: 2.7% (male 512,921/ female 650,687) (2012 est.)
Median age: total: 18.8 years
male: 18.7 years
female: 18.9 years (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people
living with HIV/AIDS:
1.5 million (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 80,000 (2009 est.)
Major infectious diseases: degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria and Rift Valley fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2009)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight: 16.5% (2003)
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 87.4%
male: 90.6%
female: 84.2% (2010 est.)


Unemployment rate: 40% (2008 est.)
Population below poverty line: 50% (2000 est.)
from: Central Intelligence Agency (US)